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This paper aims to explore the different levels of masochism, especially the symptomatic fantasy of the masochistic subject in the novel, The Piano Teacher, by Elfriede Jelinek. Erika Kohut, whose symbiotic relationship with the authoritarian mother is rather sadomasochistic, is oriented toward pleasure-seeking violence in sexual masochism. Thus, the ideal romance with her male student, Walter Klemmer, deteriorates into a harsh disillusionment of perverse humiliation. To analyze masochism, I will compare Freudian interpretation to Deleuzian understanding and discuss their difference, together with the Žižekian theory that would postulate that this masochistic enjoyment is the subject’s passion for the Real to avoid a psychotic break down in the symbolic order.

KEY WORDS: fantasy, masochism, the real, jouissance, affect, narcissism

摘 要