With a comparison of Kobayashi Takiji’s novel, The Crab Cannery Boat, and Yang Kui’s story, “The Paperboys,” this essay analyzes how a model of writing “consolidated resistance” responded to problems caused by capitalism in the 1920s and 1930s and what social significance this model of Japanese and Taiwanese Proletarian Literature had. First of all, this essay examines how a critical framework of consolidated resistance appeared when highly developed capitalism in the North Sea fishery and the South sugarcane industry incited the expansion of the Japanese Empire. Using the model of proletarian literature, I analyze the writing strategy as a way to promote consolidated resistance and the historical trajectory of how this kind of writing became a literature to find a way out. Observing the development of Japanese and Taiwanese Proletarian Literature, this article also discusses not only the specialty of international consolidation as a means of organizing resistance but also the effects of literature’s intervention in social affairs. In conclusion, it furthermore expands the understanding of this literary model in considering how we deal with globalization in the present.
KEYWORDS: Proletarian Literature, consolidated resistance, Japanese imperialism, The Crab Cannery Boat, “The Paperboys”
本論文以小林多喜二《蟹工船》和楊逵〈送報伕〉為 例，比較分析一種因應 1920 和 1930 年代資本主義問題而 產生的「群體反抗」之書寫模式，及此模式作為日本和台 灣無產階級文學創作典型的社會意義。首先，探究日本帝 國高度資本主義化的北洋漁業與南方糖業，如何促使一種 群體反抗的批判主軸出現。接著藉由無產階級文學的創作 典型，分析策動群體反抗之書寫策略，及其如何成為無產 者尋找出路的文學。並從國際連結的群體反抗特點，觀察 日本和台灣無產階級文學的先後發展及文學介入社會的影 響性。最後的結論則針對全球化的當今，提出此書寫模式 在未來可能的衍展性思考。