In all the works of Marivaux, especially in dramatic works, women occupy an absolutely important position. But what are the characteristics of the women’s issues presented by Marivaux? This article takes coquetry as the main point of view to examine the characteristics of women in Marivaux’s plays. In addition to the dramatic works, the main research objects of this paper include Marivaux’s philosophical prose. The way how the research is carried out, firstly, will be to summarize Marivaux’s theory of coquetry, and then analyze some of his plays. For the coquettes in Marivaux’s dramatic works, this article will classify them and analyze them, and the results of this analysis can be used to point out Marivaux’s meticulous and unique insights into coquetry. In addition to the above points, the purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the close relationship between marivaudage and coquetry, in order to defend the misunderstandings and criticisms of marivaudage—excessively refined moral analysis. Moreover, this article hopes that through the research on the problematic issue of coquetry, we can further find an answer to the reasons why Marivaux’s characters are often failing in finding both the truth of love and the self.
KEYWORDS: Marivaux, coquetry, The Double Inconstancy, The Surprise of Love, marivaudage